2013 Annual Project Review (APR)

Project Implementation Review (PIR) OF UNDP Supported GEF Financed Projects

version pdf

Project Summary

Through a barrier-removal approach, the project will be delivered and structured around 5 main components / key outcomes as follows (refer to project framework in Part I for more detail): 

Outcome 1) Improved governance framework for the management of biological resources and energy in Ecovillages: GEF funds will to adapt the Ecovillage model in Senegal model in order to generate global environmental benefits through: (i) the design of a strategy and the adoption of the appropriate policies, laws and regulations; (iii) a capacity building program to enhance the levels of competences of communities, local governments and other stakeholders in natural resources management, biodiversity conservation and the energy sector; and (ii) a replication plan to ensure the upscaling of benefits global of the Ecovillage model. 

Outcome 2) Establishment of demonstration activities in the Ecovillages adjacent to three important protected areas in Senegal: GEF funds will support the creation of seven pilot Community Nature Reserves (CNR) covering at least 50,000 hectares to be chosen for their high ecological value. For greater project efficiency, the demonstration activities will be oriented to meet the needs of the country’s seven eco-geographical zones, in habitats that preserve high diversity and high densities of each zone’s indigenous species. Potential natural habitats that could be targeted include the Niayes, the Djoudj National park in the Senegal River Delta, the large animal reserves of the Ferlo, the manatee ponds and bayous of the Senegal River, the National Parks of Niokolo-Koba and Delta du Saloum, and the Groundnut Basin. Feasibility studies to be carried out during the project development stage will select target sites in each of these eco-geographical zones (indicatively 5 villages per eco-geographic zone). Activities to be implemented include the development of management plans, the assignment and training of ecoguards, conservation activities and the engineering of sustainable use management systems, etc. Additionally, co-management schemes will be developed in 3 PAs to allow increased involvement of local populations in the sustainable use of PA resources and conservation of biodiversity within the PAs through their participation in the PA enforcement system. Alternative revenues will be generated through the development of viable economic alternatives and sustainable financing mechanisms, including ecotourism, conservation agriculture, intensive livestock breeding etc. In addition to community activities within the ecological perimeter, the project will promote home gardens and the cultivation of market crops enclosed by live hedges of Jatropha. The project preparatory phase will help assess the feasibility of proposed activities.

Outcome 3) Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in key end-uses and strategy towards energy self-sufficiency: GEF funds will support the identification, production and promotion of low-carbon energy such as improved cooking stoves, agrofuel (Jatropha) and “energy hubs” in the selected ecovillages. Derived outcomes under Outcome 3 will include: (3.1) Transformation of domestic cooking practices reduces GHG emissions as well as the pressure on woody species used for firewood in surrounding landscapes; (3.2) Alternative sources of sustainable energy put in place and adopted by the population; (3.3) Production, development and promotion of use of locally produced agrofuel from Jatropha curcas. 

Outcome 4) Strengthening capacities for carbon sequestration, integrated ecosystem management and nature-based climate change adaptation in ecosystems of territories adjacent to Ecovillages: This component of the project will be heavily co-financed and GEF funds will be used only catalytically to ensure the yielding of global benefits through the proposed activities. Under this Outcome, the project will help develop and test PES schemes within the pilot Ecovillages. This will include (i) the development of plant nurseries (21 million plants targeted), (ii) the regeneration of mangroves (4 million propagules targeted) covering an area of 400 ha in the vicinity of the Saloum Delta Biosphere Reserve, (iii) the systematic collection and composting of domestic wastes for the promotion of organic agriculture.

Outcome 5) Participatory monitoring & evaluation of the project’s performance: The project will be systematically monitored in order to uptake lessons and upscale its main achievements at various levels. To this end, the project will promote the valorization of local knowledge in participatory conservation of biodiversity, as well as in the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. 

Globally, the Ecovillages program is a powerful lever for the adaptation of the rural milieu to different crises in food security, energy, the environment and financing. Global environment benefits that will arise from the effective establishment of the ecovillages include the direct and indirect protection of globally significant species such as the manatees (Trichechus senegalensis), the endangered chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the lion (Panthera leo). Through the creation of CNRs in habitats such as the Niayes, the project will support the conservation of key endemic plant species. By indirectly supporting the management of PAs through interventions in the buffer zones, the project will also generate global benefits through the continuing provision of genetic resources, wild plant and animal resources, and ecosystem services such as watershed protection, flood control and regeneration of degraded soils. Moreover, reduced levels of deforestation and degradation in PAs will translate into additional carbon sequestration, besides what is already targeted under Outcome 4. Finally, the project will reduce GHG emission by avoiding the use of petrol product for key energy service in Senegal’s rural households. The use of Jatropha oil as an agrofuel and improved cooking stoves will translate into alternatives that offer benefits from a socio-economic and a global environmental standpoint.